Guadalcanal is one of the Solomon Islands. The island was the scene of fierce fighting during the Second World War. Immediately after the Second World War, the capital of the British Solomon Islands Protectorate which up until then had been at Tulagi in the Florida Islands, was moved to Honiara on Guadalcanal. In the year 1952 the High Commissioner for the Western Pacific moved from Fiji to Honiara and the post was combined with that of the Governor of the Solomon Islands. The airfield which was the cause of the fighting in 1942, and which became well known as Henderson Field is now the international airport for the Solomon Islands. It sits about five miles to the east of Honiara.
Guadalcanal is known as a top diving spot, with clear water and a rich array of wildlife, as well as shipwrecks to explore. Many tourists also come to Guadalcanal to visit World War II battle sites and museums and take in the culture of the island at traditional performances.
Things to see and do
• Honiara Natioanal Museum & Cultural Centre
• Vilu War Museum
• Hiking & birdwatching